SERGEY MAXIMISHIN: "A PHOTOGRAPH SHOULD BE A NARRATOR"
Sergey Maksimishin (Sergey Maximishin) - a talented photojournalist. His works are recognizable not only in narrow circles of lovers of photo art. They sell well at trade shows and attract…

Continue reading →

CONDUCT A PHOTOSESSION OF LOVE STORY INDEPENDENTLY. 15 TIPS FOR FINE PHOTOS AT CANDLES
Have you ever tried to take a picture by candlelight on a digital camera? The results can be simply stunning - the warm glow of the flickering flame reflected on…

Continue reading →

IMPROVEMENT OF COMPOSITION DUE TO THE TONE CONTRAST
Now a lot of discussions about composition tend to concentrate on such bases, usually third, leading lines, the use of color, etc. But not many people remember the tonal contrast.…

Continue reading →

HOW THE RELATIONSHIP OF THE PARTIES OF THE PHOTO INFLUENCES THE COMPOSITION ON THE EXAMPLE OF SCENARIZED SHOOTING

Choosing a composition is often the key to understanding between a good landscape photo and a great landscape photo. But the aspect ratio of a photo can create or destroy a composition, emphasize an object and eliminate distractions, or unbalance the whole picture. When you look into the viewfinder and are about to press the shutter button, it is useful to try to imagine the final picture, including its aspect ratio, to optimize the composition.

But how does the aspect ratio affect the composition?

Aspect ratio is a term used to describe image dimensions by comparing width with height and expressing as a ratio.

The aspect ratio of images is primarily determined by the dimension of the camera sensor (or the type of film plus the camera design, if the camera is film). Since these physical aspects are fixed, it is easy to take the aspect ratio of images for granted and not to think too much about the consequences of their fixed ratio, which is used in the composition.

Camera manufacturers realized that sometimes photographers like to work with a wide range of options, and the latest digital cameras allow you to change the aspect ratio setting using the camera menu. You can also crop the image to later change the parameter during post-processing.

Why aspect ratio matters

The significance of this concept is related to the ratio of the main object to the sides of the frame and the amount of free space around the object.

Knowing the aspect ratio of your particular camera can help create better images. It will also help you recognize when cropping to a different aspect ratio can improve the composition of the resulting picture.

What is the aspect ratio?

Aspect ratio describes the relationship between image width and height. It is recorded as a figure, in this form – width: height (width is always in the first place).

Virtually every digital camera is equipped with a sensor in one of two image formats.

This is the ratio used by 35mm cameras with cropping factor and full-frame SLR cameras, some Leica medium format cameras, mirrorless cameras, high-end compact cameras and most 35mm film cameras.

We have had it since, at the beginning of the last century, Leica released the first 35 mm film cameras. 35mm crop-factor cameras and full-frame SLRs have a 3: 2 aspect ratio. The width of the sensor is 1.5 times its height.

The 35mm full-frame sensor measures 36×24 mm. You can express it as a ratio of 36:24. Mathematicians always like to simplify the relationship between two numbers so that it is easy to visualize. In this case, you can divide both measurements by twelve. It gives 3: 2. Crop-factor cameras have smaller sensors about 22.5×15 mm in size (exact dimensions vary by make and model). These numbers correspond to a 3: 2 aspect ratio for a full-frame sensor.

This aspect ratio is used by microcameras, many compact cameras, some medium-sized digital cameras and medium-sized film formats using the 6×4.5 cm format.

Let’s compare them. You can see that the 3: 2 format used by most digital SLR cameras is slightly longer than 4: 3 for microcameras.

It may not seem so much, but it is important for the composition. Look at the following images to see why. Below is a photo of the original 35 mm version with an aspect ratio of 3: 2.

And here is the same image cropped to a 4: 3 aspect ratio, as if it were taken on a 4: 3 microchamber.

how the aspect ratio affects the composition

See the difference? It is thin, however, still present. 35 mm longer frame. And the task can be quite difficult when it comes to composition, because you have to find a way to effectively fill that length. Landscape photography, in particular, often benefits from a shorter frame, and this is one of the reasons for the popularity of the 6×7 cm medium format (7: 6 aspect ratio) among landscape photographers who use film cameras. Here is how the same landscape will look in the following formats.

7: 6 aspect ratio may seem too short, but 5: 4 is a very nice format for work.
It may seem to you that the difference between the proportions does not have any particularly great importance.

PASSION, ROMANCE AND ACUTE DESIRE, OR WHAT YOU DON'T KNOW ABOUT THE PHOTOGRAPHY OF THE KISSING PEOPLE
A selection of photos showing couples kissing and how people felt differently in front of the camera. The end of the late Victorian era. All images from the collection of…

...

9 MISTAKES IN WORKING WITH THE STAND WHICH MAY REMOVE YOUR PICTURES AND REDUCE THE RISK TO THE CAMERA
9 errors when using a tripod First push the small sections of the leg of the tripod. Tighten handles and leg clamps. Raise the central column. Incorrectly or too loosely…

...

HOW TO REMOVE DANCE REPRESENTATIONS IN THEATER?
For many photographers, shooting inside the theater can be a problem. Just because the only thing that the photographer can control is the camera. You will encounter a whole series…

...

WHY YOU MUST HAVE A POLARIZER AND WHEN YOU MUST NOT USE IT.
Ever wondered how professional photographers achieve such a rich, bright color and such a magical atmosphere in their images? BAMC! They use a polarizing filter or simply a polarik! Photography…

...